Monographs and Information Papers

MAS Information Papers highlight key trends, developments or practices in the financial sector.  The papers are not prescriptive in nature; the objective is to help disseminate information and enhance understanding of current issues. 

MAS' Monographs are detailed discussions of specialised subjects such as financial sector regulation and monetary policy operations in Singapore's context. 



  • 29 February 2016

    Thematic Review of Credit Underwriting Standards and Practices of Corporate Lending Business

    MAS conducted a thematic inspection of several banks in Singapore to assess the credit underwriting standards and practices of their corporate lending business. This information paper describes the key findings of the inspection, including areas where financial institutions should pay attention to. It also highlights the sound practices observed.

  • 21 January 2016

    Capital Markets Enforcement

    This monograph addresses the role of enforcement in the supervision of Singapore’s capital markets.

  • 22 October 2015

    Guidance on Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism Controls in Trade Finance and Correspondent Banking

    This information paper aims to provide guidance to banks, merchant banks and finance companies on the anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism controls relating to trade finance and correspondent banking activities.  Beside setting out MAS' supervisory expectations and highlighting areas for attention and improvement, it also serves to assist banks in their benchmarking against industry norms and identification of control gaps.

  • 29 May 2015

    Direct Life Insurers - Guidance on AML/CFT Controls

    Direct Life Insurers - Guidance on AML/CFT Controls

  • 16 June 2014

    Guidance on Private Banking Controls

    This report aims to provide financial institutions (FIs) with guidance on the policies, procedures and controls applicable to private banking (PB).  In addition to setting out MAS’ supervisory expectations, it also highlights sound industry practices and areas where FIs should pay closer attention to, in order to mitigate the risks from their PB operations.

  • 28 June 2013

    Thematic Inspection of Residential Property Loans Business

    The Monetary Authority of Singapore ("MAS") conducted a thematic inspection of the residential property loans business of banks that are major players in this market, in late 2012. This report describes the key findings of the inspection, including areas where underwriting and lending practices could be improved and instances of non-compliance with MAS' rules and regulation. It also highlights the sound practices observed.

  • 02 April 2013

    Monetary Policy Operations in Singapore

    The monograph highlights the key aspects of MAS' monetary policy operations, viz. foreign exchange and money market operations, and the various factors and considerations underlying them.

  • 14 January 2013

    Supervision of Financial Market Infrastructures in Singapore

    The monograph sets out MAS’ approach in supervising financial market infrastructures (“FMI”) in Singapore to foster their safety and efficiency.

  • 01 June 2010

    Tenets of Effective Regulation

    This monograph addresses MAS' regulation function and describes the Tenets that guide the MAS in the development and review of its regulatory framework.

  • 01 July 2007

    Information Paper on Preparedness for Avian Influenza Pandemic and Security Threats

    MAS continues to emphasise the importance for financial institutions (“institutions”) to have in place robust business continuity frameworks and well-tested business continuity plans (“BCP”) to ensure the continuation of critical operations in the event of major operational disruptions.

Last Modified on 09/11/2018