Written reply to Parliamentary Question on revised regulatory cap on retail deposits for digital full banks and other safeguards for consumers
Date: For Parliament Sitting on 3 August 2023
Name and Constituency of Member of Parliament
Mr Melvin Yong Yik Chye, Radin Mas SMC
To ask the Prime Minister (a) what is the revised regulatory cap on retail deposits for digital full banks; and (b) given the increase in the regulatory cap, what additional safeguards has MAS put in place to ensure that customers’ deposits are protected in the event of a digital full bank’s default.
Answer by Mr Lawrence Wong, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance, and Chairman of MAS:
1. MAS requires a digital full bank (DFB) to progressively build up its business model and risk management capabilities as it grows. This recognises that DFBs are new start-ups with non-bank parents and have no track record in banking.
2. The two DFBs, GXS Bank and MariBank, were subject to an initial aggregate deposit cap of $50 million imposed by MAS when they first commenced operations, to safeguard consumers’ interests. As the DFBs made progress in building their risk management capabilities, MAS has increased their aggregate deposit caps. MAS does not disclose the specific aggregate deposit cap for each DFB, as is our approach for other supervisory conditions imposed on individual banks.
3. Aside from the aggregate deposit cap, each DFB must comply with a cap on the deposits of an individual depositor of S$75,000. This is the prevailing limit of the deposit insurance scheme, which the DFBs are members of. The DFBs’ business operations in their initial years are also subject to other restrictions, such as not conducting proprietary trading activities, so that the DFBs focus on scaling their core businesses in a risk appropriate manner. In addition, a DFB is subject to the same prudential requirements, such as those on capital and liquidity, as other full banks in Singapore.