Monographs/Information Papers
Published Date: 26 September 2023

Working Paper on Accelerating the Early Retirement of Coal-Fired Power Plants through Carbon Credits

The managed phase-out of coal-fired power plants (CFPPs) is critical for Asia’s energy transition, and must take place alongside the development of clean energy sources. Notwithstanding existing efforts to finance the early retirement of CFPPs, the large and young fleet of CFPPs in Asia means that additional financing mechanisms are needed to improve the economic viability of such transactions and crowd in significant private capital at scale.

To address this, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), together with McKinsey & Company, launched a working paper which sets out how high-integrity carbon credits can be utilised as a complementary financing instrument to accelerate and scale the early retirement of CFPPs and identifies what is needed to develop a high-quality market for such credits.  Accompanying the paper is a template that provides detailed steps and sample tools for market participants to assess and execute such transactions. This includes a cashflow model to compute the economic gap that could potentially be covered by transition credits, and a list of standardised documents required to execute such a transaction. You may also refer to the infographic below for a summary of the key findings of the paper.

MAS invites interested parties to join a coalition of partners to further validate this transaction approach, and identify suitable CFPPs to pilot integrating transition credits into the early retirement of CFPPs. Parties interested to be part of the coalition or have potential pilot project are invited to write in to


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Infographics on Accelerating the Early Retirement of Coal-Fired Power Plants through carbon credits